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The 'best' camera you can get for in home studio is one that has a mic input…that's where to start.
The rest of your budget is related to 'it depends on what your are doing.'
The less expensive camcorders are optimized for daylight, so if you have a lighting kit you can use a less expensive camera effectively. However, if you are using a green screen (can't think why for psychology) a more expensive type of camera will give you a better 'key.'
If you are doing close ups, low light, bright light, high contrast, fast action, anything other than standing there and talking, you'll need a more flexible (read that as more expensive) camera.
Here is just a for instance of a great couple of features I like about my 2007 Canon XHA1. I can focus it on where I'm going to sit in front of my screens. I can hook up a TV monitor to it so I can see where I'm positioned in the frame. I can hook it to my computer and record to the hard drive. It has various mic inputs so I can use a wireless or wired (that I have suspended from the ceiling). When I'm ready, I point the remote control at the camera and start.
If I'm illustrating something technical I get close up video after, or add outdoor video because my camera is very flexible out door and in. If I am recording two people, as in host and guest, my camera will take two audio inputs…that's really nice when you have a quiet talker.
If you can build making yourself a nice looking professional setting, you will be able to make some excellent quality videos with one or two inexpensive cameras, that have audio input, and a good 3 lamp lighting set.