If you’ve ever added music to a video soundtrack you know it rarely fits. The music is either too short or too long. If the video must fit the music, this usually means you have to cut out content you like or add filler you don’t like. Of course, you could just cut the music at the end, or tack another song on to fill the gap, but that’s not very elegant, is it? It’s not hard learning how to make a video with music. With a little extra work, you can make the music fit in just about any situation or, better yet, make the video fit the music.

The Too-Short Song

In most cases, you’re not actually recording audio for video, but using something you already have, either from a music library or Internet download. But what do you do if your video is exactly 4:00 and the music is 3:20? While it’s possible to stretch the tempo of a piece in certain audio editing or music mixing software, that’s not what we’re looking for. For this project, we’re going to use a simple technique to lengthen the piece to fit the video.

two-audio-timeline-syncing-drum-beats

Start with your video on the timeline. Make sure you have two additional audio tracks available and place identical copies of the music on each track. The first copy will start at the video start (or wherever the music should begin). Next, slide the end of the second copy to the end of the video. Looking at the timeline, you’ll see a couple of minutes of overlap between the two songs – this is exactly what we need.

Assuming the music has a constant tempo, zoom in on the waveforms for both music tracks. As you listen to the track, watch the waveform and look for easy-to-find beats in the music. Drums are usually best for this since they’re the timekeepers for the music. Your challenge is to match the beats between the two tracks. With some careful listening and just a little slipping and sliding, you should be able to do this. The music still won’t match, but we’ll fix that next.

Once you have your beat-synced audio tracks, listen for an obvious transition in the music. In a pop song, there are usually verses, choruses and a bridge. The song has to transition between these segments and those are often excellent edit points. Of course, instrumental-only music won’t be as obvious, but if you study it, you’ll find that it’s built the same way, just without lyrics. The trick is to find corresponding transitions in each song that, when cross-faded, sound natural. Once you’ve found a potential spot, trim each audio clip so that they overlap by a second or two, and then fade the first clip out and the second clip in. This takes some trial and error, but it’s not hard and the results work well in most instances. Don’t forget, if you have dialog going during the music at the transition, it can easily mask a less-than-perfect cross fade.

The Music Video

Music videos are a genre all their own. While you may not be working on a music video production, the same audio production concepts apply in other situations too. A typical music video falls into one of three basic categories: The Mini-Movie, The Concert Video and The Art Piece. Of course, you will see hybrids too, but all of them share one common thread; the visuals are edited to the music. Music determines the length of the piece and tempo of edits. This may seem backward to your normal edit, but it’s a great way to approach a project.

audio-timeline-editing-to-the-beat-of-the-music

With music setting the guidelines for your edit, you have built-in pacing for the cuts. You can choose to cut on every beat; every two to four beats or cut with the phrases in the music. Using the music video template, the verses can tell a story with narrative shots while the choruses could contain concert footage – or vice versa. It’s your call. Watch a few music videos and make mental notes for your next project. If you’ve never edited this way, you may be surprised at how easily the visuals follow the music.

The Movie Trailer

Of course, not everyone edits movie trailers, but they’re great examples of matching music to visuals and visuals to music. Pacing is everything in a movie trailer. The editor has two or three minutes to convince us to pay good money to see their movie. Music is one of the tools the editor uses to pry open our wallets. For example, Peter Gabriel’s song The Rhythm of the Heat, released in 1982 is still popular for movie trailers. The pounding drums toward the end are what set it apart as a perfect action flick song.

Editing this way is something of a hybrid between standard background music and a music video. Your musical choices are very important here and should fit both with what the viewer sees and what you want them to feel. Consider a scene where parents learn their son is missing in combat. Here, you’re looking for music that tugs at the heart. Alternatively, scenes of shoot-outs, chases and general action require heart-pounding music coupled with quick edits.

The nice thing is that the music establishes the tempo for your edits. Working with musical beats – just like the music video example above – allows easy edit points. In fact, a great way to follow the beat is to place markers on the timeline, maybe as often as every beat, depending on the pace you’ve established. If the beat is prominent, you can find it pretty quickly using the waveform view in your editing software. Follow the tempo and set some markers. As you edit to fit these markers, mix it up some. Maybe one clip runs for four beats while others are on screen for one or two beats. It’s your choice, but your musical choices establish the framework for the finished product.

Start Cutting

It’s your turn to experiment with the editing techniques we’ve outlined. There’s no magical music video software that automatically does this well, so you’ll just have to do the work. Whether you’re editing the trailer for the next big summer blockbuster or just throwing some music under a training video, pay attention to the music. It sets the tone for the project and serves as an important quality cue. Do it right and every project will stand out.

Sidebar: Music Money

You’ve planned for the visuals in your project for weeks. You’ve rented lenses and lighting to get that big-budget look. Maybe you’ve even hired some crew to make the shoot go easier and faster. Finally, you nailed the edit and it looks fantastic. Are you really going to throw that cheesy free music track in there? You know, the one that sounds like a reject from the Napoleon Dynamite soundtrack? If you’re going to do it right, budget for some good music. Even if you don’t have access to a music library, several online vendors offer excellent music selection at affordable prices. An extra hundred bucks in the budget will work wonders.

Contributing Editor Hal Robertson is a digital media producer and technology consultant.

10 COMMENTS

  1. Do you have any suggestions for resources with a good selection of music? I have used Audio Jungle but it's hard to find the gems. 

  2. "There's no magical music video software that does this well…"

     

    Actually, there is. Sonicfire Pro by Smartsound does a great job of trimming music precisely to length. You are limited to using their music library, but it's pretty large and I can usually find almost everything I need.  You can check them out at http://www.smartsound.com

  3. With XP Pro using a PC with Windows Movie Maker … Is anyone adept with WMM?

     

    I underatnd it's not the best or even pro edting software but I'm trying to learn the basics first.

    My music is longer than my video. I would like to trim the music so it fits the video length. My goal is to retain the beginning and end of the music but trim down the middle.

    When I highlight the video/audio "file" (with my mouse) as I saved it, it appears in the larger box on the left of the screen, and then I choose Clip (tab) the drop down menu reveals Set Trim Point and Set End Point all both in gray – so it's not in the dark black where it can be activated/applied.

     

    I'm just not familiar with Set Trim Point or Set End Point.

    Thank you!!!

  4. Ah WMM….  I remember my first video I made on it.  I soon discovered that you are VERY limited to what this program can do.  ETL, I suggest for about $100 you can choose a couple of different programs to learn on.  If you are going to learn, do it effectively. 

    While there are MANY good editors I suggest either Sony Movie Studio or Cyberlink Power Director.  Cyberlink is powerful yet very intuitive non-linear editor, similar to WMM in paradigm.  It is a lower end "prosumer" editor, yet its capable of doing all you may want. 

    Sony Movie Studio, on the other hand is also powerful, yet way more flexible once you learn it.  The major plus to Sony Movie Studio, is that if you decide to REALLY GO PRO, you can upgrade to its big brother, Sony Vegas Pro, what I have used for four years now.  I have used nearly every minor and major editor including Final Cut Pro, AVID Media Composer and ADOBE Premier Pro.  After 10 years, I settled on Vegas Pro.  Good luck!

  5. I very much appreciate your shared your thoughts and experiences about better editing software. I will save them and when I'm employed again I will certainly look into Sony Movie Studio.

     

    But, for right now I need to use WMM because it is free. I Googled for any WMM groups but that didn't pan out.

     

    Know of any WMM forums or groups until I can afford a better editor?

     

    Thank you!

  6. I couldn’t recommend getting away from WMM and other low end editors enough. I started out on the aforementioned Cyberlink Power Director and, looking back, I can see how unbelievably limiting it is. I used it to make this: https://youtu.be/KNsYCQLqJVQ

    …and, while it came out ok, it was IMPOSSIBLE to get things to line up with the audio correctly. It’s total garbage software if you ever plan on doing anything beyond the most basic of the basics.

    If you want to learn, learn on software that matters. Don’t waste your time. There’s no point in learning on garbage software because, once you finally decide to get real software, you’re just going to have to relearn/change a bunch of stuff anyway.

    After I wised up, I moved on to Vegas Pro. I didn’t really care for it though and soon switched to Adobe’s Creative Cloud…which I couldn’t POSSIBLY recommend more highly. I’m not a 100% fan of the whole subscription based thing, but the value it affords is unreal. As a student (all you need is a .edu email address), I get EVERYTHING Adobe makes for 25 bucks a month…yea, Premiere Pro, Lightroom, After Effects and all their other awesomeness…25 bucks a month. That’s insane. Premier Pro has been my go to editor for a long time now and I LOVE IT!! Get it, hop on Lynda.com’s AWESOME training series for it (for free!) and you’ll be set…you WON’T regret it!!

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